Hope for HIE – Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Hope for HIE – Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

Common Acronyms

A collection of helpful terms for quick reference

Diagnosis Acronyms:
  • CP – Cerebral Palsy
  • HIE – Hypoxic Ischemic Encephelopathy
  • IS – Infantile Spasms
  • CVI – Cortical Visual Impairment/Inattentiveness
  • DVM – Delayed Visual Maturation
  • ID/LD – Intellectual/Learning Disabilities
  • ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • SPD – Sensory Processing Disorder
  • AS – Asperger’s Syndrome
  • GDD – Global Developmental Delay
  • SQCP – Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy
  • GERD – Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Diagnostic Tools Acronyms:
  • MRI – Magnetic resonance imaging
  • EEG – Electroencephalogram
Medical Professionals Abbreviations:
  • Ped – Pediatrician
  • Neuro – Neurologist
  • Ortho – Orthopedist
  • GI – Gastroenterologist
  • PM&R/PMR – Physiatrist or Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Care/Hospitalization Acronyms:
  • NICU – Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (also called a SCBU)
  • PICU – Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
  • SCBU – Special Care Baby Unit (also called a NICU)
General Acronyms:
  • NT – Neurologically (or Neuro) Typical
  • SN – Special Needs
Equipment Acronyms:
  • AFO – Ankle Foot Orthosis
  • SMO – Supra Malleolar Orthosis (short ankle orthosis)
  • KAFO – Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis
  • SWASH brace – Sitting Walking And Standing Hip orthosis
  • TLSO – Thoracolumbosacral orthosis
  • CI – Cochlear Implant
Surgical Acronyms:
  • SDR – Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy
  • SPML – Selective Percutaneous Myofascial Lengthening
Feeding-Related Acronyms:
  • NG/NGT – Nasal Gastric Tube
  • PEG – Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastronomy
  • G-Tube – Gastronomy Tube
  • NPO – Nil Per Os (nil by mouth)
  • Fundo – Nissan Fundoplication
Therapy-Related Acronyms:
  • OT – Occupational Therapy
  • PT – Physical Therapy
  • ST – Speech Therapy
  • SALT – Speech and Language Therapist
  • ABM – Anat Baniel Method
  • MNRI – Masgutova Neurosensorimotor Integration
  • NDT – Neuro Developmental Training/Technique
Communication-Related Acronyms:
  • AAC – Alternative Augmentative Communication
  • AT – Assistive Technology
Education-Related Acronyms:
  • IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  • EI – Early Intervention
  • TC – Teacher Consultant
  • IEP – Individualized Education Program/Plan
  • IFSP – Individualized Family Service Program/Plan
  • ECSE – Early Childhood Special Education
  • ESD – Extended School Day
  • FAPE – Free and Appropriate Education
  • LRE – Least Restrictive Environment
  • PI – Physical Impairment
  • OHI – Other Health Impairment (many children with HIE are covered under EI with this)
  • D/HH – Deaf and Hard of Hearing
  • HI – Hearing Impaired
  • DB – Deaf Blindness
  • ECDD – Early Childhood Developmental Delay
  • EI – Emotional Impairment
  • SXI – Severe Multiple Impairment
  • SLI – Speech and Language Impairment
  • TBI – Traumatic Brain Injury (some states separate this out from a HIE event)
  • VI – Visual Impairment
  • CI – Cognitive Impairment

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